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Comparison of Combined Shape Descriptors
for Irregular Objects

Jukka Iivarinen, Markus Peura, Jaakko Särelä, and Ari Visa tex2html_wrap_inline362

Helsinki University of Technology
Laboratory of Computer and Information Science
P.O. Box 2200, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
{Jukka.Iivarinen, Markus.Peura, Jaakko.Sarela}

tex2html_wrap_inline362 Lappeenranta University of Technology
Department of Information Technology
P.O. Box 20, FIN-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland


This paper focuses on recognition powers and computational efforts of three different shape coding techniques, namely the chain code histogram (CCH), the pairwise geometric histogram (PGH), and the combination of simple shape descriptors, for characterization of irregular objects. In recognizing irregular objects the essential task is to design efficient measures based on relatively small prior knowledge on geometrical constraints of possible target objects. Three rather different approaches are evaluated and discussed by the means of the self-organizing map (SOM). A database retrieval problem is also assumed to further test their discriminatory powers. As a case study, natural irregular objects have been used. Grouping of these objects based on their visual similarity is the main topic in this paper. The combination of simple shape descriptors is shown to have good recognition capabilities and low computation costs.

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Jukka Iivarinen
Wed Jun 18 13:02:47 EET DST 1997