T-61.5020 Statistical Natural Language Processing
Exercises 2 -- Similarity measures
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1.
While waiting for springly sniffles Teemu T. Teekkari tested some medicines. He tried three candidates, which were the Tintus cough syrup, Koskisen Korvalääke and Otaniemen Termiitti. For each of them, he tried to describe how the drug tasted. An official observer wrote down how many times the five chosen adjectives were mentioned for each of the drugs. Results are in the Table 1.

Table 1: Document-word matrix
 fresh acidic sweet fruity soft Tintus 0 0 5 1 4 Korvalääke 10 6 2 1 0 Termiitti 1 4 3 3 3

Calculate pairwise distances between the drugs using the following measures:

a)
Euclidean distance ( norm)
b)
norm
c)
Cosine distance
d)
Information radius

Why Kullback-Leibler divergence is not a practical measure in this case?

2.
Let us consider the following measures:
a)
Kullback-Leibler divergence
b)
Information radius
c)
norm

If the distance is minimum according to one of the measures, does it mean that it is minimum also according to the others?

3.
Consider the distance measures in Problem 2. For each measure, find what kind of distributions would give the largest possible distance. Hint: For information radius, the largest possible distance is .

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